Air environment of the Earth


  1. From author
  2. Introduction
  3. Some information about the atmosphere
  4. The composition of the atmosphere
  5. The pressure and weight of the air
  6. Methods for Atmospheric Research
  7. The structure of the atmosphere
  8. Solar energy
  9. Receipt and reflected solar energy
  10. How to measure the intensity of solar radiation
  11. The amount of heat received by the Earth from the Sun
  12. Direct and diffuse solar radiation
  13. Albedo of the earth’s surface
  14. Longwave and shortwave radiation and its role in heat exchange between the earth and the atmosphere
  15. The role of water vapor and ozone in the earth and solar radiation absorption. Greenhouse effect
  16. The use of solar energy
  17. Average air temperature
  18. Some features of the distribution of air temperature on the globe
  19. Daily variations of air temperature
  20. The air temperature in the equatorial zone
  21. The air temperature in winter
  22. The air temperature in summer
  23. The air temperature in the Arctic and Antarctic
  24. The role of ocean currents in heat transfer
  25. Why is there air movement
  26. Heating the air over the continents and oceans
  27. Air pressure and wind. Forces acting in the atmosphere in the event of wind
  28. Pressure field at the surface of the earth and the wind
  29. Air currents at heights
  30. Heat exchange between the low and high latitudes
  31. The destructive power of the wind
  32. Wind – the major source of energy
  33. Vertical temperature gradient
  34. Stability and instability of the atmosphere
  35. Examples of changes of temperature with height
  36. The temperature in the free atmosphere over different parts of the Earth
  37. The air temperature in the troposphere
  38. The air temperature in the layer of 9-16 km
  39. Communication between the fields of temperature, pressure and wind at altitudes
  40. Precipitation on the globe
  41. How clouds are formed
  42. Types of clouds
  43. New data about cloud microphysics
  44. Atmospheric circulation and hydrologic cycle
  45. The scheme the hydrological cycle
  46. Atmospheric circulation and precipitation
  47. Precipitation at low latitudes
  48. Influence of mountain ranges on precipitation
  49. Cyclones and precipitation
  50. Local evaporation and precipitation
  51. The calculations of the hydrologic cycle
  52. Changes in the physical properties of the moving air mass
  53. Frontal zones of the troposphere. Atmospheric fronts
  54. Fronts and weather
  55. Cyclones and anticyclones
  56. How appear cyclones and anticyclones
  57. The spatial structure of cyclones
  58. The spatial structure of anticyclones
  59. Atmospheric fronts in the system of cyclones and anticyclones
  60. Tropical cyclones
  61. Where cyclones occur more frequently?
  62. Areas of Activity of cyclones and anticyclones
  63. Strong winds in the troposphere
  64. Some information on the tropospheric jet streams
  65. Jet streams and cyclones (anticyclones)
  66. Winds in the stratosphere and mesosphere
  67. Weather and its prediction
  68. Organization of service storm alerts
  69. Weather forecasting in the USSR
  70. Weather and its changes
  71. Lead time and the content of weather forecasts. Weather Service
  72. Weather maps
  73. Supporting maps and graphics
  74. Weather forecasting with a lead time of 1-2 days
  75. Long-term Weather forecast
  76. Sudden changes in weather
  77. Predicting the weather on local characteristics
  78. The main features of the weather changes
  79. The main types of weather
  80. Signs of the onset of a clear or slightly overcast, dry weather
  81. Signs of Cloudy weather with occasional heavy rains
  82. Signs of conservation of cloudy weather with low clouds
  83. Signs of the onset of inclement weather
  84. Is it possible to influence the atmospheric processes and weather
  85. Climate change of surface air sphere
  86. Extreme weather anomalies as one of the characteristics of climate
  87. Climate variations in geological ages
  88. Climate change in the past century
  89. Caspian Sea level change and climate of the European USSR

Погосян Х.П. Воздушная оболочка Земли. – Ленинград: Гидрометеорологическое издательство, 1962. – 294 с.