Ecology

Contents

  1. A Brief History of Ecology
  2. Environmental factors, general patterns of their effects on living organisms
  3. Ground-air environment of life
  4. Light regime. Ecological adaptations of plants and animals to the light regime terrestrial environment
  5. Temperature. Temperature adaptation of plants and animals
  6. Moisture. Adaptation of organisms to the water regime, ground-air environment
  7. Air, as an ecological factor for terrestrial organisms
  8. Soil and topography. Weather and climatic features of the ground-air environment in the life of living organisms
  9. The main way of adaptation of living organisms to their environment
  10. Aquatic habitat. Specificity of aquatic adaptations
  11. Ecological zones of the oceans
  12. Basic properties of the aquatic environment
  13. Some specific adaptations of aquatic
  14. Soil as a habitat
  15. Living organisms as habitat
  16. Adaptive biological rhythms
  17. Photoperiodism
  18. Principles of ecological classification of organisms
  19. Life forms of organisms
  20. Life forms of plants
  21. Life forms of animals
  22. Concept of population ecology
  23. The population structure of the species
  24. Biological structure of the populations
  25. Sex structure of populations
  26. The age structure of populations
  27. Spatial structure of plant and animal populations
  28. Ecological structure of animal populations
  29. Population dynamics
  30. Dynamics tcenopopuljatcij plants
  31. Homeostasis populations
  32. The concept of the biocenosis
  33. Biocenosis structure
  34. Specific structure of biocenosis
  35. Spatial structure of biocenosis
  36. Ecological structure of biocenosis
  37. Relationships of organisms in ecosystems
  38. The ratio of predator – prey, parasite – host
  39. Commensalism
  40. Mutualism
  41. Neutralism, amensalizm
  42. Competition
  43. Ecological niche
  44. Regulation of populations in ecosystems
  45. Сoncept of ecosystems, the Doctrine of Biogeocenoses
  46. The energy flux
  47. Biological productivity of ecosystems
  48. Ecosystem Dynamics
  49. Cyclical changes
  50. Translational modifications
  51. Agroecosystems
  52. The concept of the biosphere
  53. Distribution of life in the biosphere
  54. Living matter
  55. Geochemical work of living matter
  56. Stability of the biosphere
  57. Mathematical modeling in ecology
  58. Ecology and practical human activity
  59. Ecological basis for the rational use of biological resources
  60. Greening agriculture
  61. Greening of Industry
eco

Чернова Н.М., Былова А.М. Экология: Учеб. пособие для студентов биол. спец. пед. ин-тов. - 2-е изд., перераб. - М.: просвещение, 1988. - 272 с.