Ecology. Individuals, Populations, and Communities. Part 2


  1. Introduction: two small overviews
  2. Introduction: Life Cycle Diversity
  3. Life Cycle Components and Their Potential Benefits
  4. Reproductive value
  5. Life cycle compromise
  6. Habitats and their classification
  7. Monocyclic and polycyclic; early maturity and delayed reproduction
  8. Direction of resources for reproduction and related expenses
  9. More small or less large offspring?
  10. r- and K-selection
  11. Evidence for the r/K concept
  12. «Alternatives» related to the r / K concept
  13. Demographic forces not taken into account by the r / K scheme
  14. Short-term reactions to the environment
  15. Relationship with physiological needs
  16. Phylogenetic and allometric limitations
  17. Introduction: Accounting Interpretation
  18. Volatility or stability
  19. Key Factor Analysis
  20. Population cycles and their analysis
  21. Dependence of abundance on settlement
  22. Experimental disruption of populations
  23. Common and rare species
  24. Introduction: Communities
  25. Introduction: Community Nature
  26. Community Description
  27. Spatial Distribution of Communities
  28. The temporal dimension of community structure – succession
  29. Introduction: the flow of energy and matter in communities
  30. Distribution of primary products
  31. Primary Product Limiting Factors
  32. The energy cycle in communities
  33. Community flow
  34. Last comment
  35. Introduction: the impact of competition on community structure
  36. Continuous competition in natural communities
  37. Community Feature Proof
  38. Neutral models and null hypotheses
  39. The role of competition: some conclusions
  40. Introduction: the effects of predation and disturbance on community structure
  41. The impact of predation on community structure
  42. Temporary heterogeneity and physical disturbances
  43. Nonequilibrium patterns of community diversity
  44. The importance of disturbance theory and experiment for environmental regulation
  45. Introduction: The relationship between the number of species and the area of the island
  46. Environmental theories regarding island communities
  47. Evidence for Environmental Theories
  48. Island communities and evolution
  49. Islands and nature conservation
  50. Introduction: sustainability and community structure
  51. Complexity and sustainability
  52. Community fragmentation
  53. The number of trophic levels
  54. Non-demographic sustainability
  55. Introduction: Patterns of Species Diversity
  56. Simple model
  57. The association of species richness with various factors
  58. Gradients of Species Wealth
  59. The relative abundance of small and large forms
  60. General conclusion

Бигон М., Харпер Дж., Таунсенд К. Экология. Особи, популяции и сообщества. – Т. 2. – М.: Мир, 1989. – 477 с.