General geomorphology


  1. Foreword
  2. Geomorphology as a science. The object of its study
  3. Basics of the history and development of the geomorphological science
  4. The concept of the forms and elements of relief forms
  5. Morfografy and morphometry of relief
  6. The genesis of relief
  7. The age of relief
  8. The properties of rocks and their role in relief forming
  9. Relief and geological structures
  10. Relief and climate
  11. Relief-forming role of tectonic movements of the earth’s crust
  12. Folded disorders and their manifestation in the relief
  13. Faults and their manifestation in the relief
  14. Relief-forming role of vertical and horizontal movements of the Earth’s crust
  15. Relief-forming role of recent tectonic movements of the earth’s crust
  16. Magmatism and Relief formation
  17. Earthquake as factor of endogenous relief formation
  18. Structure of the crust and planetary forms of relief
  19. Megarelief of the continents
  20. Megarelief of dry land platforms
  21. Megarelief of mobile belts of the continents
  22. Megarelief of the continental margin
  23. Megarelief of geosynclinal areas (transition zones)
  24. Megarelief of the ocean floor and mid-ocean ridge (MOR)
  25. Exogenous processes and relief
  26. Weathering and Relief formation
  27. The slopes, slope processes and the terrain
  28. Slope processes and the terrain
  29. The relationship of slope processes in space and time
  30. Age of slopes
  31. Development of slopes. The concept of the peneplains, pediments, pediplens and surface of alignment
  32. Some general patterns of streams work
  33. Work of temporary streams and created by them forms of relief
  34. Work of rivers. The river valleys
  35. Bends of river bed, their elements and shape. The classification of bends
  36. Floodplain. Formation of the floodplain. Structure and relief of flood plains. The types of floodplains
  37. River terraces
  38. Morphological and genetic types of river valleys
  39. The asymmetry of the valleys
  40. The river and valley network. River basins
  41. The types of erosion and denudation relief and factors causing it
  42. The concept of “Karst”. Terms of karst. Hydrological regime of karst areas
  43. The most common forms of relief surface in karst regions
  44. Rivers and valleys in karst regions
  45. Caves of karst areas
  46. Zonal climatic types of karst
  47. Pseudo karst processes and forms of relief
  48. Glacial processes and forms of relief
  49. Conditions of glaciers formation. The types of glaciers
  50. Forms of mountain-glacial relief
  51. Relief of areas coating by Pleistocene glaciation
  52. Relief of periglacial areas
  53. Distribution and structure of permafrost soils
  54. Permafrost forms of relief
  55. Forms of relief of arid countries
  56. Forms of deflation and grinding relief
  57. Eolian accumulation forms
  58. Arid-denudation forms of relief
  59. The concept of “shore.” Waves and wave flow
  60. Lateral movement of sediment
  61. The beach and the sorting of the material in the surf zone of flow
  62. Underwater shafts and coastal bars
  63. Longitudinal movement of sediment
  64. Formation of accumulative forms of a longitudinal movement of sediment
  65. Abrasion
  66. Alignment of coastline
  67. Features of tidal shores of the seas
  68. Coral shores and islands
  69. Marine terraces
  70. Gravitational underwater processes
  71. About geomorphological activity of bottom and constant surface currents
  72. About biogenic factors of relief formation
  73. Accumulation of sediment – the most important geomorphological process at the bottom of the World Ocean
  74. The structure of the geomorphological studies
  75. Methods of field geomorphological studies
  76. Geomorphological maps
  77. Conclusion

Леонтьев О.К., Рычагов Г.И. Общая геоморфология: Учеб. для студ. геогр. спец. вузов. – 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. – М.: Высш. шк., 1988. – 319 с.