The basic methodical principles of geographical and local lore researches of settling processes of historical-geographical region are considered in article. The main methods of geographical study of local lore are allocated. To definition of time frameworks of carrying out of geographical and local lore researches of processes of settling on an example of separate historical-geographical unit the considerable attention is paid. The place of natural and social factors of influence on processes of settling of territory is opened.

Key words: geography and local history research, processes of settling, historical and geographical region, geographicallytemporal structure of the settlement, ekistics (settlement) characteristics of the region, morphometric characteristics of the territory

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