The paper analyzes the features of the functioning of the primary settlement systems in the modern period, and indicated the need for the formation of the new Ukraine local communities as basic facilities management. This should be taken into account the following principles: placing the population, territorial, demographic, socio-economic and self-governing. These principles are the basis for the spatial organization of local settlement systems, which will be formed in the administrative-territorial reform. The use of cluster-based approach to the new territorial organization of production and resettlement will be essential for optimizing the territorial organization of society, improving the efficiency of its management. The scheme promising territorial organization of settlement Ternopil region.

Key words: local community, administrative divisions, settlement system, settlement, town, village, settlement.

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