The article analyzes role of local communities in the long term transition region into a model of sustainable development is considered. The place of the local community as ethnic and cultural forms of social organization is defined. Definition of territorial communities from the perspective of social geography is presentation. The features of the regional community and its regional components are basic. The key role of ethnocultural relations towards a “social justice” is proved.

Key words: social and territorial complex, sustainable development, local community, system effect, government.



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